January 14, 2004 — Aladdin Resort and Casino, Las Vegas, Nevada Packaging/Subcommittee

January 14, 2004 — Aladdin Resort and Casino, Las Vegas, Nevada Packaging/Subcommittee



Aladdin Hotel and Casino

Las Vegas, Nevada

Thursday, January 15, 2004

1:00 p.m. – 2:30 p.m.


I. Call Meeting to Order

The meeting was called to order by Chairman Al Lear, Wissahickon Spring Water, who announced the presence of a quorum. Those present were:


Subcommittee Chair:

Al Lear, Wissahickon Spring Water

Subcommittee Members:

Joe Benacqauista, Portola Packaging, Inc.

Philippe Caradec

Tom Condon, Suntory Water Group, Inc..

Glen Davis, Absopure Water Co.

Vincent Ducasse, Groupe Danone

David Foy, DuPont Liquid Packaging Systems

Douglas Hidding, Blackhawk

John Houser, Culligan International

Kevin Mathews, Perrier/Nestle Waters N.A.

Kristin Safran, National Testing Laboratories

Steve Stafford, Eastman Chemical Co.


IBWA Staff:

Kim Green, IBWA


II. Approval of Minutes

It was moved and seconded to approve the minutes of the October 29, 2003 Packaging Subcommittee meeting, held in Chicago.


III. Work Groups

1. HDPE, PET, & Caps and Closures. Prior to the meeting, Packaging Subcommittee members were provided for review a copy of the draft document “Plastic Packaging for the Bottled Water Industry.” This document contained information prepared on the manufacture, use in bottled water production, and safety of HDPE, PET, and Caps and Closures.

Subcommittee members discussed revisions to the draft document:

    • “Introduction to” will be added to the title.
    • Kim Green will check with Greg Davis to see if he would approve removing pages 7 & 8 (“Investigating Package Taste, a Bottlers’ Perspective”. This text will be then be considered for use in the Sensorial Test Methods work product.
    • Subcommittee members will review the ILSI Europe document “Packaging Materials 4. Polyethylene for Food Packaging Applications (April 2003)”, for possible inclusion with the HDPE section of the work product. Kim Green will check with Greg Davis to see if he agrees this document should be included with his section. If he does, Kim will seek to also obtain copyright permission from ILSI for this document.
    • Kim Green will check with ILSI to ensure that IBWA does have permission to reprint their document “Packaging Materials 1. PET for Food Packaging Applications.” She will also attempt to obtain a better quality copy of the paper.
    • Kim Green will check with Steve Stafford to see if he would approve removing the section “Public Documents Concerning Volatile and Non-Volatile Migration in PET”. This text will be then be considered for use in the Sensorial Test Methods work product.
    • Joe Benaquista will provide IBWA with a different electronic version of his section, as IBWA is unable to work with the figures in the current version.

      Subcommittee members agreed that the document should be provided to IBWA members via the Members Only section of the IBWA website (as a pdf file). David Foy suggested that the document be split into sections on the website. If members would like a hard copy of the document it will be provided to them free of charge. Once complete, an announcement regarding the document will be placed in IBWA’s News Splash and possibly the Bottled Water Reporter. 

2. Sensorial Test Methods. Prior to the meeting, Subcommittee members were provided with a compilation of information for review on taste and odor protocols and methodologies. Subcommittee members discussed possible commonalities in the various types of information and what and how the information might be developed into an educational document for IBWA members.

Subcommittee members agreed to review the compiled documents in more depth and to discuss next steps in a conference call tentatively scheduled for Feb. 20.


IV. Antimony Trioxide

Kevin Mathews reviewed recent claims from a carpet manufacturer in Maine regarding the presence of antimony trioxide in wastewater derived from recycling of PET as a possible inhalation concern. Antimony trioxide is used as a catalyst in the manufacture of PET. Steve Stafford, who was not present at the meeting, was to produce a summary document detailing how this is not an issue of concern. Kevin Mathews will follow up with Steve on the status of the document and will bring it back to the Packaging Subcommittee for review. Subcommittee members discussed that this has the potential to be something that must be addressed from a communications point of view and that IBWA may need to develop Q &A’s on this topic.



Joe Benacqauista reviewed with Subcommittee members details of a study being performed by the European Food Agency on the possible presence of semicarbazide (SEM) in some metal lids with plastic sealing gaskets (e.g. food jars). The presence of SEM could be linked to azodicarbonamide, a common blowing agent used in manufacturing; azodicarbonamide is approved by the FDA for certain applications. Joe reported that the foam manufactures are well aware of this issue and are looking at possible alternatives. Joe also reported that this is likely not an issue for polyethylene foam and that FDA is doing its own studies that have not detected SEM. Subcommittee members agreed to continue to monitor this issue and to obtain a copy of the FDA report once published.


VI. Nonylphenol

Kim Green reported that a paper will soon be published in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry entitled “Migration of nonylphenol, an endocrine disrupter, from plastic containers to drinking water.” The author is Jorge Loyo-Rosales, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering at the University of Maryland. His co-author is Cliff Rice of USDA’s Environmental Quality Lab. Mr. Rosales gave a poster presentation of this paper at the 2003 IFT Annual Meeting. In this presentation he claims to have detected nonylphenol in water bottled in HDPE and PVC. Nonylphenol was not detected in water bottled in PET. He concluded that bottled water could be a significant source of nonylphenol to the diet. Kim Green agreed to e-mail Subcommittee members a copy of the abstract from the poster presentation. Subcommittee members agreed that there would likely need to be a communications, technical, and possibly regulatory response from IBWA once the article is published.


VII. Sports Caps

Subcommittee members continued discussion on possible safety concerns regarding the use of sports caps as closures on bottled water. Joe Benacqauista reported to members that the International Society of Beverage Technologists’ (ISBT) Test Methods Subcommittee has moved rapidly on developing a Test method for this closure (Portola has a person on the ISBT Subcommittee). ISBT anticipates completing the Test Method in early 2004. Joe reported that ISBT member companies will be required to comply with the Test Method. He will provide Packaging Subcommittee members a copy of the Test Method once it has been finalized.


VIII. New Business

Philippe Caradec brought up for discussion the use of titanium dioxide as a colorant in plastic closures. It is being considered for listing under California’s Proposition 65 (related to potential work place inhalation). Subcommittee members discussed that this is likely not an issue for bottled water manufactures, but that Kim Green would gather additional information on this subject and communicate it to members.

Subcommittee members requested that copies of the IBWA Packaging Subcommittee Matrix be resent to them.

The IBWA Packaging Subcommittee will next meet in Washington D.C., June 20-24.


VI. Adjournment

With no further business to discuss, the meeting was adjourned at 2:30.

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