INTERNATIONAL BOTTLED WATER ASSOCIATION
Aladdin Resort and Casino
Las Vegas, Nevada
January, 14, 2004
8:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.
I. Call Meeting to Order
The meeting was called to order by the Co-Chairman, Al Lear, Wissahickon Spring Water Company, who announced the presence of a quorum.
Those present were:
Vincent Ducasse, Danone Water WorldWide
Al Lear, Wissahickon Spring Water Company
Barry Bell, Blue Hills Spring Water, Inc.
Joe Benacquista, Portola Packaging, Inc.
Tammy Bliss, CCDA Waters, LLC
Doug Carlson, Natural Waters of Viti
John Cooke, Steelhead, Inc.
Glen Davis, Absopure Water Co.
Jack Donohue, ENSR, International
Andy Eaton, MWH Labs
Greg Ellis, Ultraviolet Systems
Lawrence Henderson, Edge Analytical
Rick Hess, Hess Machine International
Douglas Hidding, Blackhawk Molding Co., Inc.
John Houser, Culligan International
Kent Kise, DS Waters LP
Lisa Madsen, Pall Corporation
Kevin Mathews, Nestlé Waters North America, Inc.
Doug Oberhamer, Deep Rock Water Co.
Richard Pellerito, Severn Trent Services, UAT
Efrem J. Pesyna, S&S Biopath
Kristin Safran, National Testing Laboratories, Ltd.
Stephen Edberg, Ph.D., Yale University School of Medicine
Alan Leff, QUASI, LLC
Loren Merrick, NSF International
IBWA Staff and Counsel:
Robert P. Brady, Hogan and Hartson
Pat Donoho, IBWA
Joe Doss, IBWA
Brooke Fisher, IBWA
Kim Green, IBWA
Bob Hirst, IBWA
Stephen Kay, IBWA
III. Approval of Minutes
It was MOVED AND SECONDED to approve the minutes of the October 29, 2003 Technical Committee meeting.
IV. Task Force/Subcommittee Status Reports
The Committee reviewed the activity status of the Subcommittees, Task Forces, and Teams as follows:
1. Pilot Plant Task Force (reported by Al Lear, Wissahickon Spring Water)
The committee and attendees were reminded that the low ozone study conducted at the pilot plant earlier in 2003 is available to IBWA members. The task force is considering both the “next steps” based on the results of the low ozone study and other new ideas for studies. Areas of interest that were observed during the low ozone study include the effects of pH, temperature, and other conditions on bromate formation and variables associated with container materials.
A list of potential new projects was presented to the Task Force and the committee for consideration. A conference call will be scheduled for sometime in February to discuss.
2. Audit Program Evaluation Team (reported by Shayron Barnes-Selby, DWNA)
The Audit Program Evaluation Team (APET) met by conference call on December 16, 2003 to review a number of issues. First, the team was asked again at the October, 2003 meeting to continue reviewing IBWA’s policy on inspection of returnable bottles at plants. The Team ruled that “inspection of bottles may not include “sniffing,” but rather a thorough visual inspection is required." Additional discussions were conducted to include HACCP in the final language for the IBWA Audit Handbook. The Technical Committee voted for approval of the Team’s recommended language. The revised policy change will be added to the IBWA Audit Handbook by the end of January, 2004.
IBWA’s annual meeting with NSF International’s auditors was conducted on January 5-6, 2004 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. IBWA audit program staff met with NSF’s staff to review new NSF responsibilities under the new contract. A summary of annual audit survey results was presented to the NSF audit staff and comments and suggestions were exchanged by NSF and IBWA regarding clarifications needed and improvements to the audit program.
Finally, a discussion on use of alternative disinfectants, such as chlorine dioxide, concluded that additional discussion by APET and a revision to the Audit Handbook are necessary. APET will present suggested language at the June 2004 meeting.
3. Packaging Subcommittee (reported by Al Lear, Wissahickon Spring Water Company)
The Packaging Subcommittee is nearing completion of a new document for IBWA members that provides education and information on the use of plastic packaging materials in bottled water. The document, entitled “Introduction to Plastic Packaging for the Bottled Water Industry,” is available from IBWA and will be made available from the IBWA members only web site.
The subcommittee is also reviewing a compilation of information on sensorial (taste and odor) test methods and is also monitoring work by the International Society of Beverage Technologists (ISBT) on development of test methods for sport caps.
4. Regulatory Task Force (reported by Donna Cirolia, CCDA Waters, LLC)
The Regulatory Task Force reported that revisions to the regulatory matrix have been completed. The matrix has been reorganized for ease of use by separating final (completed) federal regulations from pending regulations. The summary sheet has also been deleted.
The task force discussed and is continuing development on new guidelines for compliance with FDA’s nine contaminants rule. The guidance document will be completed and provided to FDA for comment. It will subsequently be made available to IBWA members.
5. Virus/Microbial Subcommittee (reported by Tom Condon, Suntory Water Group)
Monthly literature search reports continue.
The subcommittee has hired a virus expert – Dr. Mortezza Abbaszadegan to provide expertise on issues that may arise in 2004. He has begun a first assignment of preparing a summary of viruses of concern in dinking water. Chairman Condon is preparing a spreadsheet to accompany this effort that will prioritize viral/microbial contaminants under consideration for regulation by the USEPA.
At the request of the subcommittee, Dr. Stephen Edberg submitted a letter to the editor of Clinical Microbiology Newsletter regarding an article published by Fred Rosenberg about the microbiology of bottled water. At the request of the Drinking Water Research Foundation the subcommittee reviewed a proposal from European researchers on a study titled “Parameters Governing Survival of Campylobacter in Bottled Waters”.
6. Bottled Watercooler Task Force (reported by Kent Kise, Suntory Water Group)
The Bottled Watercooler Task Force is currently reviewing a revised brochure for watercooler cleaning. The draft brochure is more generic with diagrams and figures, and focuses more on cleaning rather than attempting to standardizing sanitization. Several Technical Committee members commented on the draft brochure and asked to be included in finalization of the document. The task force plans to review a final draft in February, and anticipates publication in March.
The task force is also continuing its review of sanitization documents contributed by the European Bottled Watercooler Association (EBWA) and considering proposing a study of cooler conditions that might utilize the pilot plant. The study proposal may be submitted by June, 2004 to DWRF for funding. The proposed study will focus on physical and microbiological conditions in watercoolers.
7. Mold/Algae Task Force (reported on by Robert Hirst, IBWA)
The new Mold and Algae Task Force convened a conference call on January 8, 2004. Work on drafting a revised mold paper is underway. The task force discussed a new section on operations and control of environmental factors. The revised document will include information on the possible connection between mold and trichloranisol (TCA) in wine with bottled water taste issues. The document will also emphasize cooler cleaning and maintenance as a means of mold control and the benefits of ozone use in controlling mold.
Once the revised mold paper is completed, the task force will focus its efforts on a new algae publication.
8. Perchlorate Task Force (reported by Andy Eaton, MHW Labs)
The new task force is monitoring the progress of FDA’s perchlorate testing program, which began testing of bottled water brands in December 2003. The group developed a mission statement and convened two conference calls to discuss activities of the National Academy of Science’s Committee to Assess the Health Implication of Perchlorate Ingestion and any resulting regulatory activity. The group also reviewed a draft perchlorate communications paper prepared by IBWA communications staff.
VI. Informational Updates – Programs
1. Bio-Terrorism Seminar Series & Technical Education Programs (Bob Hirst)
As of December 31, 2003, 20 technical/regulatory seminars were presented at 13 state/regional meetings, and one international convention. Numerous seminars were also presented at WFE in Chicago. A regulatory resource CD is still available to all IBWA members.
2. CPO Program (Bob Hirst)
An update of the IBWA CPO program and summary of exam performance was presented to the committee.
3. ICBWA Technical Committee (Jack West, Puro and Alan Leff, QUASI, LLC)
It was reported that the ICBWA Board of Directors has approved and adopted the ICBWA Model Code. The committee is also drafting a policy statement regarding environmental stewardship.
VII. Informational Updates – Meetings
1. USEPA National Drinking Water Advisory Council (NDWAC) (Kim Green)
IBWA staff attended the NDWAC meeting in Cincinnati on November 19-20, 2003. NDWAC’s discussions included a 6 year review of existing maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for drinking water. The review is expected to be completed in 2008.
NDWAC reviewed other current USEPA regulatory activities, including 34 ongoing health risk assessments, and the CCL2 list, scheduled for release in March, 2004.
The USEPA is also considering a new coliform rule that would establish an MCL for Escherichia coli. Monitoring frequencies would be based on risk. EPA’s draft toxicity assessment for perchlorate is under review by NAS. EPA is developing three increased sensitivity analytical methods for perchlorate.
EPA’s drinking water contaminant priorities are arsenic, a number of unregulated chemicals, and microbiological organisms.
DWRF will join the USEPA Drinking Water Research Network (DRINK).
Kim Green reported that FDA plans to publish a proposed rule for arsenic in September, 2004. Comments will be due in November.
Arsenic continues to be an issue at the state levels and in some media outlets. IBWA is part of a coalition that submitted comments to California’s OEHHA regarding a Proposition 65 proposed MADL of 0.1 ppb/day. OEHHA has also proposed a public health goal of 0.004 ppb and a “no significant risk level” (NSRL) of 5 ppb in bottled water.
The State of New Jersey is proposing to lower its arsenic MCL to 5 ppb. The public drinking water MCL will be adopted by the NJ Department of Health and Senior Services as the SOQ for bottled water in New Jersey.
A study completed by UC-Berkeley reviewed the epidemiology of residents of 6 counties in California and Nevada who consumed water containing in excess of 100 ppb of arsenic. The study found no association between bladder cancer risk and this exposure level. The study suggests that the proposed USEPA MCL of 10 ppb is conservative.
Committee members discussed that arsenic continues to be an issue to the bottled water industry on technical (removal), regulatory, and communications fronts. IBWA will contact AWWA/AWWRF to find out the activities they are involved with regarding arsenic in drinking water. Kim Green will prepare a summary of issues related to arsenic and share with committee members and will investigate what toxicity studies are being considered in setting MCLs . A study evaluating the possible reduction of arsenic in natural waters will be added to the list of studies being considered for the pilot plant. Members of the Technical Committee will develop and provide lists of available treatment technologies to reduce arsenic to committee members.
IX. New Business
IBWA 2004 Business Plan, specifically the primary Technical Goals, was reviewed. An additional goal will be added to identify technical, scientific and regulatory issues that may affect the growth and development of the bottled water industry, and form task groups, subcommittees, and strategic alliances to address issues prioritized by the Technical Committee.
There being no additional new business, a motion was made and seconded for adjournment. The motion passed, and the meeting was adjourned at 12:00 PM.